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  #1  
Old 05-17-2010, 03:57 PM
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How To: Timing Chain!

this is gonna suck lol... sourced from gm global connect. anything like -this- means i added it in.


Tools Required
J 45027 Tensioner Tool -not required-

Removal Procedure
•Remove the camshaft cover. Refer to Camshaft Cover Replacement.
•Raise and support the vehicle. Refer to Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle.
•Remove the No. 1 cylinder spark plug. Refer to Spark Plug Replacement.
•Rotate the crankshaft in the engine rotational direction clockwise, until the No. 1 piston is at top dead center (TDC) on the compression stroke.
•Remove the engine front cover. Refer to Engine Front Cover Replacement.
-this is the front engine cover-



•Lower the vehicle.




Important: The timing chain tensioner must be removed to unload chain tension before the timing chain is removed. If not removed, the timing chain will become cocked and it will be difficult to remove.

•Remove the timing chain tensioner.




•Remove the fixed timing chain guide access plug.




•Remove the fixed timing chain guide.




•Remove the upper timing chain guide.




•Use a 24 mm wrench to hold the camshafts from turning.
-there is a tool made for our cams that fits around these hex parts of the cam made for a wrench. they sit on the cams and keep them from rotating. very cheap and simple tool-




•Remove the exhaust camshaft sprocket bolt and discard.
•Remove the exhaust camshaft sprocket.




•Remove the timing chain tensioner guide.




•Remove the intake camshaft sprocket bolt and discard.
•Remove the intake camshaft sprocket.
•Remove the timing chain through the top of the cylinder head.




•Remove the crankshaft sprocket.




•Remove the oil nozzle and bolt.




•Remove the balance shaft drive chain tensioner.




•Remove the adjustable balance shaft chain guide.




•Remove the small balance shaft drive chain guide.




•Remove the upper balance shaft drive chain guide.




Important: It may ease removal of the balance shaft drive chain to get all of the slack in the chain between the crankshaft and water pump sprockets.

•Remove the balance shaft drive chain.
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Old 05-17-2010, 04:00 PM
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Installation Procedure
Notice: Refer to Fastener Notice in the Preface section.





Important: If the balance shafts are not properly timed to the engine, the engine may vibrate and make noise.

•Install the upper balance shaft chain guide.
Tighten
Tighten the upper balance shaft chain guide bolts to 15 N·m (11 lb ft).





•Install the balance shaft drive chain with the colored links lined up on with the marks on the balance shaft drive sprockets and the crankshaft sprocket. Use the following procedure to line up the links with the sprockets:
Orient the chain so that the copper colored and chrome links are visible.

2.1. Place the uniquely colored link (1) so that it lines up with the timing mark on the intake side balance shaft sprocket.

2.2. Working clockwise around the chain, place the first matching colored link (2) in line with the timing mark on the crankshaft drive sprocket. (approximately 5 o'clock position on the crank sprocket).

2.3. Place the chain (3) on the water pump drive sprocket (alignment is not critical).

2.4. Align the last matching colored link (4) with the timing mark on the exhaust side balance shaft drive sprocket.





•Install the small balance shaft chain guide.
•Tighten the balance shaft chain guide bolts.
Tighten
Tighten the chain guide bolts to 15 N·m (11 lb ft).





•Install the adjustable balance shaft drive chain guide.
Tighten
Tighten the chain guide bolts to 10 N·m (89 lb in).





•Turn the tensioner plunger 90 degrees in its bore and compress the plunger until a paper clip can be inserted through the hole in the plunger body and into hole in the tensioner plunger.
•Install the timing chain tensioner.
•Tighten the chain tensioner bolts.
Tighten
Tighten the chain tensioner bolts to 10 N·m (89 lb in).

•Remove the paper clip from the balance shaft drive chain tensioner.




•Install the oil nozzle and bolt.
Tighten
Tighten the oil nozzle bolt to 10 N·m (89 lb in).





•Install the crankshaft sprocket with timing mark at the 5 o'clock position.




•Lower the timing chain through the opening in the top of the cylinder head. Carefully ensure that the chain goes around both sides of the cylinder block bosses (1, 2).




•Install the intake camshaft sprocket with the INT diamond at the 2 o'clock position.
Important: Always install NEW sprocket bolts.

•Hand tighten a NEW intake camshaft sprocket bolt.
•Route the timing chain around the crankshaft sprocket (2) with the matching colored link aligning with the timing mark.
•Route the timing chain around the intake camshaft sprocket with the uniquely colored link (1) aligning with the INT diamond.




•Install the timing chain tensioner guide through the opening in the top of the cylinder head.
Tighten
Tighten the timing chain tensioner guide bolt to 10 N·m (89 lb in).





•Install the exhaust camshaft sprocket with the timing chain matching colored link (3) at EXH triangle aligned at the 10 o'clock position.




•Use a 24 mm wrench to rotate the camshaft slightly, until exhaust sprocket aligns with the camshaft.
Important: Always install NEW sprocket bolts.

•Hand tighten the NEW exhaust camshaft sprocket bolt.




•Install the fixed timing chain guide.
Tighten
Tighten the fixed timing chain bolts to 10 N·m (89 lb in).





•Apply sealant compound to thread and install the timing chain guide bolt access hole plug. Refer to Adhesives, Fluids, Lubricants, and Sealers for the correct part number.
Tighten
Tighten the chain guide plug to 90 N·m (59 lb ft).





•Install the timing chain upper guide.
Tighten
Tighten the timing chain upper guide bolts to 10 N·m (89 lb in).





•Inspect the timing chain tensioner. If the timing chain tensioner, O-ring seal, or washer is damaged, replace the timing chain tensioner.
•Measure the timing chain tensioner assembly from end to end.
A new tensioner should be supplied in the fully compressed non-active state. A tensioner in the compressed state will measure 72 mm (2.83 in) (a) from end to end. A tensioner in the active state will measure 85 mm (3.35 in) (a) from end to end.





•If the timing chain tensioner is not in the compressed state, perform the following steps:
26.1. Remove the piston assembly from the body of the timing chain tensioner by pulling it out.

26.2. Install the J 45027-2 (2) into a vise.

26.3. Install the notch end of the piston assembly into the J 45027-2 (2).

26.4. Using the J 45027-1 (1), turn the ratchet cylinder into the piston.






•Inspect the bore of the tensioner body for dirt, debris, and damage. If any damage appears, replace the tensioner. Clean dirt or debris out with a lint-free cloth.
•Install the compressed piston assembly back into the timing chain tensioner body until it stops at the bottom of the bore. Do not compress the piston assembly against the bottom of the bore. If the piston assembly is compressed against the bottom of the bore, it will activate the tensioner, which will then need to be reset again.
•At this point the tensioner should measure approximately 72 mm (2.83 in) (a) from end to end. If the tensioner does not read 72 mm (2.83 in) (a) from end to end repeat steps 26.1 through 26.4.




•Install the timing chain tensioner.
Tighten
Tighten the timing chain tensioner to 75 N·m (55 lb ft).

•Use a suitable tool with a rubber tip on the end. Feed the tool down through the camshaft drive chain to rest on the timing chain. Then give a sharp jolt diagonally downwards to release the tensioner.





•Use a 24 mm wrench to hold the camshaft.
Tighten
Tighten the NEW camshaft bolts to 85 N·m (63 lb ft) plus 30 degrees.

•Install the camshaft cover. Refer to Camshaft Cover Replacement.
•Raise the vehicle. Refer to Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle.
•Install the engine front cover. Refer to Engine Front Cover Replacement.
•Lower the vehicle.

-i've been seeing tons of timing chains stretch and tensioners fail. if you're not gonna use this thread to replace a timing chain, it's still an excellent source to get familiar with and understand it. replace your oil at normal intervals and listen for ticking noises. try to replace a failed tensioner before your timing chain stretches. this is what keeps your engine's heart beating.-

---------- Post added at 07:00 PM ---------- Previous post was at 06:58 PM ----------

and photobucket fails....fml. i'll take care of it in a lil bit
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  #3  
Old 05-26-2010, 12:45 PM
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"this is going to suck"-LMAO! but it cant be ass bad as a neons, F mopar!

thanks for taking the time to write this up man, great info!
  #4  
Old 05-26-2010, 01:08 PM
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it's all copypasta, hopefully it goes to good use!
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Old 06-19-2010, 02:07 PM
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I had a 99 cavalier with about 200,000 miles on it and I never had a problem with the chain. Hopefully I'm just as lucky with my 'balt!
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Old 06-20-2010, 11:01 AM
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yeah man, mine's starting to get noisy on cold startups and i'm on my 3rd actuator. the first time i replaced the actuator i kinda ****ed up by just trying to prime the actuator by cranking the motor... bad idea. second time i went through the vc and loaded it on the chain the right way. gotta do the chain eventually though. sucks dude.
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Old 06-20-2010, 05:56 PM
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For the LSJ guys, apparently the LNF tensioner should be put in instead.
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  #8  
Old 06-21-2010, 01:14 PM
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yeah, they did re-design it. it's pretty obvious when you look at it. i have that in but once the chain stretches it's too late.
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  #9  
Old 10-17-2010, 09:38 PM
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Is this just for the LNF motors? The reason I ask is that I have an LAP and its starting to do this on cold startups. Should I ask the stealership about it?
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Old 03-16-2011, 09:12 AM
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hmm very helpful
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