That is BankerBalt's specialty.....But maybe this will help you and others understand how it works.
---------- Post added at 08:02 PM ---------- Previous post was at 07:59 PM ----------
Boost Control Description and Operation
A turbocharger (TC) is a compressor that is used to increase the power output of an engine by
increasing the mass of the oxygen and therefore the fuel entering the engine. This BorgWarner™
dual-scroll TC is mounted on the exhaust manifold and the lightweight turbine is driven by the
waste energy generated by the flow of the exhaust gases. The turbine is connected by a shaft to
the compressor which is mounted in the induction system of the engine. The compressor vanes
compress the intake air above atmospheric pressure, thereby greatly increasing the density of the
air entering the engine. The TC is capable of producing up to 20 psi, or 1.40 bar, of powerenhancing
The TC incorporates a wastegate that is controlled by a pressure differential, that is determined by
the engine control module (ECM) by means of a PWM solenoid, in order to regulate the pressure
ratio of the compressor. A charge air bypass valve is integrated within the unit, and is also
controlled by the ECM by utilizing a remotely mounted solenoid to prevent compressor surging and
damage from vibrations by opening during abrupt closed throttle conditions. When the bypass
valve is commanded open during closed throttle deceleration conditions, the bypass valve allows
the air to recirculate in the TC and maintain compressor speed. Within a calibrated range during
the closed throttle event, or upon a wide open throttle command the bypass valve will then close to
optimize turbo response.
---------- Post added at 08:05 PM ---------- Previous post was at 08:02 PM ----------
TC Wastegate Closed
The wastegate is completely closed at idle. All of the exhaust energy is passing through the
turbine. There are three reasons that the wastegate remains closed:
During normal operation, if a wide open throttle were to be requested at lower engine speeds, the
ECM will command the boost control solenoid with a duty cycle of 100 percent to minimize any
turbo lag. During engine loads in the middle and upper RPM ranges, the ECM will command the
boost control solenoid, with a duty cycle of 65-80 percent. Manifold pressures of up to 240 kPa are
TC Wastegate Open
When certain DTCs are set the ECM will limit the amount of available boost pressure. Limiting boost
pressure is accomplished by the ECM controlling the TC wastegate actuator solenoid valve and
maintaining the duty cycle at 0 percent. This means that the ECM will not actively close the
wastegate during greater engine loads. The system at this point is limited to mechanical boost.
Mechanical boost means that the wastegate will still move, but the amount of motion is limited by
the mechanical properties of the return spring within the diaphragm valve, the pneumatic
properties of the actuator, and the physics of the exhaust gas flow in the exhaust system. In this
mode of operation the manifold pressure will attain a maximum pressure of 140 kPa.
The TC wastegate diaphragm valve assembly has a threaded rod and nut that connects the
diaphragm of the valve to the wastegate. This rod is adjusted to BorgWarner™ factory
specifications and is not adjustable.
---------- Post added at 08:14 PM ---------- Previous post was at 08:05 PM ----------
Hope this helps!